The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America Part 29

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[25] _Ibid._; _27th Report_, pp. 13-4.

[26] _26th Report_, _Ibid._, p. 44.

[27] Quoted in Lalor, _Cyclopaedia_, III. 733; Cairnes, _The Slave Power_ (New York, 1862), p. 123, note; _27th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 15.

[28] Quoted in Cairnes, _The Slave Power_, p. 123, note; _27th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 19.

[29] _27th Report_, _Ibid._, p. 16; quoted from the Mobile _Register_.

[30] Edition of 1859, pp. 63-4.

[31] _De Bow’s Review_, XXVII. 121, 231-5.

[32] _Report of the Special Committee_, etc. (1857), pp. 24-5.

[33] _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 40. The vote was 47 to 46.

[34] _House Exec. Doc._, 36 Cong. 2 sess. IV. No. 7, pp.

632-6. For the State law, cf. above, Chapter II. This refusal of Cobb’s was sharply criticised by many Southern papers. Cf.

_26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 39.

[35] New York _Independent_, March 11 and April 1, 1858.

[36] _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 41.

[37] Gregory to the Secretary of the Navy, June 8, 1850: _Senate Exec. Doc._, 31 Cong. 1 sess. XIV. No. 66, p. 2. Cf.

_Ibid._, 31 Cong. 2 sess. II. No. 6.

[38] c.u.mming to Commodore Fanshawe, Feb. 22, 1850: _Senate Exec. Doc._, 31 Cong. 1 sess. XIV. No. 66, p. 8.

[39] New York _Journal of Commerce_, 1857; quoted in _24th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 56.

[40] “The Slave-Trade in New York,” in the _Continental Monthly_, January, 1862, p. 87.

[41] New York _Evening Post_; quoted in Lalor, _Cyclopaedia_, III. 733.

[42] Lalor, _Cyclopaedia_, III. 733; quoted from a New York paper.

[43] _Friends’ Appeal on behalf of the Coloured Races_ (1858), Appendix, p. 41; quoted from the _Journal of Commerce_.

[44] _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, pp. 53-4; quoted from the African correspondent of the Boston _Journal_.

From April, 1857, to May, 1858, twenty-one of twenty-two slavers which were seized by British cruisers proved to be American, from New York, Boston, and New Orleans. Cf. _25th Report_, _Ibid._, p. 122. De Bow estimated in 1856 that forty slavers cleared annually from Eastern harbors, clearing yearly $17,000,000: _De Bow’s Review_, XXII. 430-1.

[45] _Senate Exec. Doc._, 33 Cong. 1 sess. VIII. No. 47, p.

13.

[46] _House Exec. Doc._, 34 Cong. 1 sess. XII. No. 105, p. 38.

[47] New York _Herald_, Aug. 5, 1860; quoted in Drake, _Revelations of a Slave Smuggler_, Introd., pp. vii.-viii.

[48] _House Exec. Doc._, 35 Cong. 2 sess. IX. No. 89. Cf.

_26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, pp. 45-9.

[49] Quoted in _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p.

46.

[50] For all the above cases, cf. _Ibid._, p. 49.

[51] Quoted in _27th Report_, _Ibid._, p. 20. Cf. _Report of the Secretary of the Navy_, 1859; _Senate Exec. Doc._, 36 Cong. 1 sess. III. No. 2.

[52] _27th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 21.

[53] Quoted in _Ibid._

[54] Issue of July 22, 1860; quoted in Drake, _Revelations of a Slave Smuggler_, Introd., p. vi. The advertis.e.m.e.nt referred to was addressed to the “Ship-owners and Masters of our Mercantile Marine,” and appeared in the Enterprise (Miss.) _Weekly News_, April 14, 1859. William S. Price and seventeen others state that they will “pay three hundred dollars per head for one thousand native Africans, between the ages of fourteen and twenty years, (of s.e.xes equal,) likely, sound, and healthy, to be delivered within twelve months from this date, at some point accessible by land, between Pensacola, Fla., and Galveston, Texas; the contractors giving thirty days’ notice as to time and place of delivery”: Quoted in _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, pp. 41-2.

[55] _Congressional Globe_, 35 Cong. 1 sess. p. 1362. Cf. the speech of a delegate from Georgia to the Democratic Convention at Charleston, 1860: “If any of you northern democrats will go home with me to my plantation, I will show you some darkies that I bought in Virginia, some in Delaware, some in Florida, and I will also show you the pure African, the n.o.blest Roman of them all. I represent the African slave trade interest of my section:” Lalor, _Cyclopaedia_, III. 733.

[56] _Senate Misc. Doc._, 36 Cong. 1 sess. No. 8.

[57] _Senate Journal_, 34 Cong. 1-2 sess. pp. 396, 695-8; _Senate Reports_, 34 Cong. 1 sess. I. No. 195.

[58] _House Journal_, 31 Cong. 2 sess. p. 64. There was still another attempt by Sandidge. Cf. _26th Report of the Amer.

Anti-Slav. Soc._, p. 44.

[59] _Senate Journal_, 36 Cong. 1 sess. p. 274; _Congressional Globe_, 36 Cong. 1 sess. p. 1245.

[60] Congressional Globe, 32 Cong. 2 sess. p. 1072.

[61] I.e., since 1846: _Statutes at Large_, XI. 90.

[62] _Ibid._, XI. 227.

[63] _Ibid._, XI. 404.

[64] _Ibid._, XII. 21.

[65] E.g., Clay’s resolutions: _Congressional Globe_, 31 Cong.

2 sess. pp. 304-9. Clayton’s resolutions: _Senate Journal_, 33 Cong. 1 sess. p. 404; _House Journal_, 33 Cong. 1 sess. pp.

1093, 1332-3; _Congressional Globe_, 33 Cong. 1 sess. pp.

1591-3, 2139. Seward’s bill: _Senate Journal_, 33 Cong. 1 sess. pp. 448, 451.

[66] Mr. Blair of Missouri asked unanimous consent in Congress, Dec. 23, 1858, to a resolution instructing the Judiciary Committee to bring in such a bill; Houston of Alabama objected: _Congressional Globe_, 35 Cong. 2 sess. p.

198; _26th Report of the Amer. Anti-slav. Soc._, p. 44.

[67] This was the object of attack in 1851 and 1853 by Giddings: _House Journal_, 32 Cong. 1 sess. p. 42; 33 Cong. 1 sess. p. 147. Cf. _House Journal_, 38 Cong. 1 sess. p. 46.

[68] By Mr. Wilson, March 20, 1860: _Senate Journal_, 36 Cong.

1 sess. p. 274.

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