The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America Part 54

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~1862, June 7. Great Britain: Treaty of 1862.~

“Treaty for the suppression of the African slave trade. Concluded at Washington April 7, 1862; ratifications exchanged at London May 20, 1862; proclaimed June 7, 1862.” Ratified unanimously by the Senate.

_U.S. Treaties and Conventions_ (1889), pp. 454-66. See also _Senate Exec. Journal_, XII. pp. 230, 231, 240, 254, 391, 400, 403.

~1862, July 11. United States Statute: Treaty of 1862 Carried into Effect.~

“An Act to carry into Effect the Treaty between the United States and her Britannic Majesty for the Suppression of the African Slave-Trade.”

_Statutes at Large_, XII. 531; _Senate Journal_ and _House Journal_, 37 Cong. 2 sess., Senate Bill No. 352.

~1862, July 17. United States Statute: Former Acts Amended.~

“An Act to amend an Act ent.i.tled ‘An Act to amend an Act ent.i.tled “An Act in Addition to the Acts prohibiting the Slave Trade.”‘” _Statutes at Large_, XII. 592-3; _Senate Journal_ and _House Journal_, 37 Cong. 2 sess., Senate Bill No. 385.

~1863, Feb. 4. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $17,000. _Statutes at Large_, XII. 639.

~1863, March 3. Congress: Joint Resolution.~

“Joint Resolution respecting the Compensation of the Judges and so forth, under the Treaty with Great Britain and other Persons employed in the Suppression of the Slave Trade.” _Statutes at Large_, XII. 829.

~1863, April 22. Great Britain: Treaty of 1862 Amended.~

“Additional article to the treaty for the suppression of the African slave trade of April 7, 1862.” Concluded February 17, 1863; ratifications exchanged at London April 1, 1863; proclaimed April 22, 1863.

Right of Search extended. _U.S. Treaties and Conventions_ (1889), pp.

466-7.

~1863, Dec. 17. Congress (House): Resolution on Coastwise Slave-Trade.~

Mr. Julian introduced a bill to repeal portions of the Act of March 2, 1807, relative to the coastwise slave-trade. Read twice, and referred to Committee on the Judiciary. _Congressional Globe_, 38 Cong. 1 sess. p.

46.

~1864, July 2. United States Statute: Coastwise Slave-Trade Prohibited Forever.~

— 9 of Appropriation Act repeals —- 8 and 9 of Act of 1807. _Statutes at Large_, XIII. 353.

~1864, Dec. 7. Great Britain: International Proposition.~

“The crime of trading in human beings has been for many years branded by the reprobation of all civilized nations. Still the atrocious traffic subsists, and many persons flourish on the gains they have derived from that polluted source.

“Her Majesty’s government, contemplating, on the one hand, with satisfaction the unanimous abhorrence which the crime inspires, and, on the other hand, with pain and disgust the slave-trading speculations which still subist [_sic_], have come to the conclusion that no measure would be so effectual to put a stop to these wicked acts as the punishment of all persons who can be proved to be guilty of carrying slaves across the sea. Her Majesty’s government, therefore, invite the government of the United States to consider whether it would not be practicable, honorable, and humane–

“1st. To make a general declaration, that the governments who are parties to it denounce the slave trade as piracy.

“2d. That the aforesaid governments should propose to their legislatures to affix the penalties of piracy already existing in their laws–provided, only, that the penalty in this case be that of death–to all persons, being subjects or citizens of one of the contracting powers, who shall be convicted in a court which takes cognizance of piracy, of being concerned in carrying human beings across the sea for the purpose of sale, or for the purpose of serving as slaves, in any country or colony in the world.” Signed, “RUSSELL.”

Similar letters were addressed to France, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Prussia, Italy, Netherlands, and Russia. _Diplomatic Correspondence_, 1865, pt. ii. pp. 4, 58-9, etc.

~1865, Jan. 24. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $17,000. _Statutes at Large_, XIII. 424.

~1866, April 7. United States Statute: Compensation to Marshals, etc.~

For additional compensation to United States marshals, district attorneys, etc., for services in the suppression of the slave-trade, so much of the appropriation of March 2, 1861, as may be expedient and proper, not exceeding in all $10,000; and also so much as may be necessary to pay the salaries of judges and the expenses of mixed courts. _Ibid._, XIV. 23.

~1866, July 25. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $17,000. _Ibid._, XIV. 226.

~1867, Feb. 28. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $17,000. _Ibid._, XIV. 414-5.

~1868, March 30. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $12,500. _Ibid._, XV. 58.

~1869, Jan. 6. Congress (House): Abrogation of Treaty of 1862.~

Mr. Kelsey asked unanimous consent to introduce the following resolution:–

“Whereas the slave trade has been practically suppressed; and whereas by our treaty with Great Britain for the suppression of the slave trade large appropriations are annually required to carry out the provisions thereof: Therefore,

“_Resolved_, That the Committee on Foreign Affairs are hereby instructed to inquire into the expediency of taking proper steps to secure the abrogation or modification of the treaty with Great Britain for the suppression of the slave trade.” Mr. Arnell objected. _Congressional Globe_, 40 Cong. 3 sess. p. 224.

~1869, March 3. United States Statute: Appropriation.~

To carry out the treaty with Great Britain, proclaimed July 11, 1862, $12,500; provided that the salaries of judges be paid only on condition that they reside where the courts are held, and that Great Britain be asked to consent to abolish mixed courts. _Statutes at Large_, XV. 321.

~1870, April 22. Congress (Senate): Bill to Repeal Act of 1803.~

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